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I've become a newspaper columnist with the
(subscription-only) Irish Times. My first column appears on 27th
sign an EU contract you can't even understand”.
The Lisbon Treaty is unintelligible and for that reason alone should
be rejected. For a (non-subscription) HTM version click
or a PDF version click on the image below.
Readers may recall an expanded version
(on which you can
ISSUE #170 - 5th
February 2008 [561+ =
1527 = 2088]
Click here for PDF Version of Issue #170
Beware the Peak-Oil Salesman
Occasionally I have written about oil
supply matters, notably a piece entitled
“When Will the
Oil Run Out?”,
which I have periodically updated. My view is that oil will, in
because whenever it appears to be running low, the price goes up which
instantly prolongs supply by
previously uneconomic oil by making it economic,
tempting (inefficient) National Oil Companies to produce more,
spurting investment in new technology to make more oil more
fostering and funding further oil exploration and thus discoveries,
encouraging energy conservation, and
investment into alternative fuel sources such as bio, coal, gas, hydro,
nuclear, solar, tidal, wind.
Depending on the success of these efforts, the resultant
increased production and more efficient consumption have often prompted the
oil price to drop again, which puts everything back into reverse.
Except that the new technologies, new discoveries and conservatory habits
don't just disappear; they stay with us and continue to provide payback.
Furthermore, the huge transfers of wealth from consumers to
producers caused by a prolonged and severe price-hike, like the ones in the
1970s, can trigger a global economic downtown which cuts oil consumption as
energy-hungry industries go bust, and this of course also prolongs supply.
Indeed, we may well be seeing the beginnings of this process
at the moment.
In the early part of this century, the price stood at around
$25 per barrel. Since then, it's screamed up and up and even briefly
This is explained by increased demand and supply fears, due to
economic growth in the rich countries of the West,
industrialisation of giants China and India, and
the supply risks
of the Iraq war and the Iranian nuclear threat,
The quantum of the associated wealth transfer depends on
different estimates. These vary, but if you take as base 2003 when the
rise really began (in phase with the Iraq war), and you interpolate between
the reported windfalls of 2004 ($300
billion - [link gone! - Oct 08]) and 2007 ($2
trillion), you can calculate that over this period a monumental $5.8 trillion
has lined the pockets of producers that they never expected to see.
And that is money that consumers had expected to be able to splash out on iPods, Crystal champagne and Porsches (OK, food and shelter as well) that
now they can't. It represents by far the biggest cash confiscation in
the history of mankind, and it's made worse by the fact that most of the
lucky recipients include the most inhumane, repressive, corrupt, authoritarian
regimes in the world - the likes of Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, Iran, Russia,
Libya, Nigeria, Sudan,
none of whom Freedom House
as being “Free”,
whose honesty Transparency International
rates on average at 24% which would rank them collectively at 138th
all of whom bar perhaps a chastened Libya are bent on
causing trouble for the West wherever they can, notwithstanding that
their customers in the West are the golden goose that provides the vast
bulk of their windfall.
So we should not be surprised at some of the economic
turmoil of recent months -
subprime defaults, housing market crashes, bank wobbles (Northern
Société Générale), stock price falls - considering how much spending and
investment money has simply been removed from the wealth-creating engines
of the West. If indeed the West is now in recession, led by America,
the rest of the world will surely follow as financially constrained
customers stop buying. And the consequential industrial downturn, will
in its turn, reduce energy consumption.
So we will certainly see oil prices also tumble, though I
would be surprised if we ever enjoy $25/bbl again.
If nothing else, this will reduce any risk that the West
might be driven to contemplate a military solution to the high price of
oil, ie by ruthlessly invading and stealing oil, then selling it for the
little it costs to produce. Indeed, that such a scenario is never
even whispered is a stirring testament to the huge moral rectitude of
the West, unprecedented at any time in history. Mankind's base
instinct is to grab forcefully what he cannot get politely.
Many scaremongers talk of
“peak oil”, as if current production levels represent the edge of a
precipice. Some have even formed their own international club ASPO - the
Association for the Study
of Peak Oil & Gas. But they often neglect the dynamic relationship
between oil production, oil reserves, oil price, technology, energy
alternatives and overall economic health. For example, ASPO espouses a
Malthusian-type of zero-sum theory that says oil shortages are
proportional to GDP: they both get bigger in unison. But, as you
can see from this chart, the data disprove this, doubtless because there are so many of those other variables
pulling in different directions.
A further factor that analysts often
overlook is the role of the state-owned integrated National Oil
Companies (NOCs) within the producing countries. For world oil today
is no longer controlled by the those villainous multinational oil companies
(Oilcos), but by the NOCs. Last century, the major Oilcos famously numbered seven
but only four now remain - Exxon, BP, Chevron and Shell. The Seven
Sisters title has passed instead to gigantic NOCs - Saudi Aramco,
Gazprom (Russia), CNPC (China), NIOC (Iran), PDVSA (Venezuela), Petrobras
(Brazil), and Petronas (Malaysia). To see how the mighty (Oilcos) have
fallen, have a look at
who's got the world's hydrocarbon today:
||Oil & Gas
On the other hand, what the Oilcos -
and indeed a huge slew of Western companies, contractors and suppliers -
still possess in abundance and the NOCs lack is efficiency, expertise and
technology, for which they are crucially (and grudgingly) dependent on the
West. So the good news is that there is plenty of scope for
finding and producing plenty more oil (and gas) from their huge acreage.
All it takes is sufficient willingness and humility (or greed) to invite and
entice the Oilcos and other Western technological organizations to help, in
a vastly more enlarged fashion than they do at present. But the
tsunami of oil waiting to be released by this expedient is rarely factored
in to any doomsday peak oil scenarios. Nor is the enormous transfer of
wealth the other way when (not if) it eventually comes to pass.
about the excessive gloominess of some oil analysts, whose pessimism about
moving beyond peak oil consistently fails to take account of human
ingenuity coupled with human greed. For, as I earlier remarked, oil is found not in the
ground but in that unfathomable, inexhaustible reserve, the human mind.
There are plenty of clever ways left to satisfy the world's
thirst for energy, that need entail neither economic impoverishment nor
Beware the peak-oil salesmen: don't let them seduce you.
Back to List of Contents
Do Fathers and
Following on from my recent involvement in the
debate on gay
marriage, an interesting new (to me) dimension
emerged in Ireland last week, with a visit from Elizabeth Marquardt, who is
a noted US researcher into the effect of divorce on children.
I attended a
talk which she began by observing that
“Worldwide trends in law and reproductive technologies are
redefining parenthood in ways that increasingly put the ... rights of
adults to have children over the needs of children to know and be
raised, whenever possible, by their own mother and father.”
redefining marriage (for example by opening it to gays) means redefining
parenthood along such lines.
More and more people who
are unable for whatever reason to conceive children (eg infertile, too old,
same-sex couple, singleton) are turning to IVF technology to procreate them.
There are three alarming developments that arise out of this -
the steady erosion in
many states of the conventional family structures in order to
accommodate alternative constructs,
the effect on the
resultant children and to some extent on the donors themselves, and
the new moral dilemmas being created by extraordinary technical advances
in IVF science
and the associated demand.
1. Erosion of Conventional Family
A convention is emerging
that says any arrangement of parent(s) is OK provided they are good people,
and to argue otherwise is to be prejudiced. Around the world, laws are
being put into place to give effect to this.
In Canadian federal
law, the term “legal parent” (decided by
a judge) has supplanted “natural parent”.
In Spain, birth
certificates must now read “Progenitor A”
and “Progenitor B” instead of father and mother.
A similar proposal is doing the rounds in Massachusetts.
In New Zealand and Australia, there are proposals that a
donor-conceived child can have three legal parents.
In America, judges are increasingly being called on to
decide who are the legal parents among a dizzying array of contestants -
biological, donor, surrogate, foster, adoptive.
In New Jersey
it's even more bizarre: a lesbian non-parent partner has been registered
even though she has not even adopted the child.
In Britain, the National Health Service
has begun actively
recruiting donors, ie promoting donor conceptions rather than just
actually subsidise sperm donation by making the
donor's earnings tax-free (much as stallion stud-fees are still
tax-free in Ireland).
the state also provides free IVF to lesbian couples and
To save the
embarrassment, if not legal complications, of donors and receivers, the
state connives in hiding the donors' identities, a deception that the
IVF parents usually continue vis-à-vis the resultant children.
It is hard to think of ways by which the law could do more
to erode the natural position of natural parents within society than through
such pernicious measures as these.
2. Effect on IVF Children
Louisa Browne, born in 1978 was the first ever child
conceived using IVF. Within a few years, more and more people were
trying it. Thus the first generation of babies born in any numbers
thanks to IVF has now reached adulthood, mostly raised by heterosexual
couples. It's the first chance to gain a perspective on how they might
be affected by the miracle technology.
And there is growing evidence of shared a disquiet that they
know nothing of their biological fathers or siblings, and are desperate to
learn about the hidden half of their very identity and origin. These
are eminently rational aspirations that most of us take for granted.
One of them laments, “I don’t understand why it’s legal to
just donate when a child may be born”, since the child's informed consent
to be separated from one or both of its biological parents cannot be
One can only expect such problems to multiply in number,
severity and complexity as IVF becomes ever more capable and commonplace,
not only among married heterosexual couples, but among unmarrieds,
singletons and gay/lesbian partnerships.
So surely the onus is on promoters and users of IVF to first
demonstrate that a donor-child is not materially disadvantaged in life
compared to a naturally conceived one.
It is ironic that users of IVF, who behave as if the
biological origins will be unimportant to the resultant children, are so
keen to produce biological offspring themselves that they will use IVF
rather than adopt a child with no biological connection. It's not
unlike the fact that the only supporters of abortion are people who have
already been born.
Convention on the Rights of the Child is uncharacteristically clear.
Article 7 states, “the child ... shall have ... the right
to know and be cared for by his or her parents”. IVF, other than
when executed between a married couple without non-parent donors, is thus in
Yet to say something like “it's a tragedy
for a child to lack a parent” is today considered controversial.
Who's concerns are foremost? Certainly not the child's.
3. IVF Advances; Moral Dilemmas
IVF began as a means for married but infertile couples to
conceive. It now has potential to do much more and its customer base
is much wider, which has created all sorts of new moral dilemmas. Some
of children can, in principle, be mandated
single parent, ie by cloning, or
female parents, by swapping around DNA within a cell, or
sperm to fertilise donor eggs, or
doing any of
the above, but then implanting the embryo into a surrogate mother.
base for IVF now includes unmarried couples, singletons, gay and lesbian
couples. Further combinations (eg triples?) may well emerge.
embryos produced during IVF procedures are usually put on ice to be
brought to life at a later date, or indeed to be eventually destroyed.
sometimes they are offered for adoption to people who don't want to
go through the palaver of regular IVF (eg searching for the ideal
tall, brainy, athletic, blond/e, blue-eyed donors).
embryos just end up in the research laboratory.
bureaucracies have (rightly) grown up to ensure the safety and
suitability of adoptions of existing children, there is no such scrutiny
at all for embryo adoption.
With the offer
of cut-price IVF treatment, some women are pressured into donating extra
eggs for other women to use or for stem-cell research; it amounts to
tourism industry has grown up, which allows people to sidestep and/or
take advantage of national regulations.
Denmark is a
popular source for tax-free sperm donation (all those tall blond
particularly easy (and cheap) to arrange in Eastern Europe.
California, gay-friendly IVF services are well developed.
especially inexpensive in India.
emerging of adopted children marrying only to discover they are
siblings. With the rise of IVF, together with the more popular
sperm donors fathering dozens of children, there is scope for such
accidentally incestuous unions to increase exponentially.
If current IVF children are already having trouble and
suffering from identity crisis, imagine how the progeny resulting from the
above list will cope with understanding who they are, plus the difficulties they
will face when they try to trace their origins, or form a
relationship with a distant (and perhaps impoverished) donor abroad.
At the moment we have no real data on how these
developments will affect children. But you'd have to be perverse indeed to
believe that the child will grow up as well-balanced and content as one
raised by its own married, biological mummy and daddy. The children of
every other alternative family form in which they lack a mother or father at
home (eg due to divorce, death, IVF, same-sex) routinely do worse in
social and economic circumstances, and always say that the loss matters in
The essence of IVF is that it is conceived, so to speak, to
satisfy the wants of adults, but without regard to the needs and rights of
the children that result.
Do mothers and fathers matter to kids? Whatever the answer,
Ms Marquardt argues that it is morally indefensible to experiment on a new
generation of innocents in order to satisfy the entirely self-centred demands of grown-ups.
You can read and download her paper
here, and listen to a 7½-minute
Back to List of Contents
Ugliest Website Award
No not me!
Easyspace.com is the company which rents me my domain name, tallrite.com. I was
amused to note that it recently ran a competition to find the
website on its servers, but since it doesn't host my site I, an otherwise
obvious finalist, was not eligible to join the five hundred eager
After extensive online polls and
short-listing, the coveted
award eventually went to the boring and functionless
www.advertising-calendars.com, whose prize
is a much-needed re-design to the value of £3,000. Mr Godding, the
owner of the winning - if that's the word - site is reportedly
with his historic achievement.
But last time I checked, Mr Godding's
coveted online possession was still pretty grim. Maybe he's found a
more wastrel use for his three grand.
Back to List of Contents
FXB Monkstown -
Also available at
(Francis Xavier Buckley) was for many decades a very successful butchers
shop - indeed, a small chain - in Dublin, one which I often patronised, mainly for their
mouth-watering steaks. In the 1980s, I used to fill a bag with these,
specially vacuum-packed for me, whenever I flew back to Nigeria, where I was
Then it branched out and opened a
restaurant. I went there once. It was a disaster. Knowing
how to source, cut and chop meat is a totally different set of skills from cooking and
serving it. So they took first class cuts of meat from their shops, and then wrecked
them in the kitchen. I vowed never to go back, even though FXB were
successful enough to be able to open several other similar outlets
(Dubliners are not very discerning).
Anyway, my bad experience was two decades
ago. Even murderers with life sentences get paroled in less than
twenty years, so I thought maybe it's time to grant parole to FXB. So
I returned last week to
FXB's restaurant in Monkstown, about seven miles south along the coast
It's basically a pub downstairs, with a
restaurant on a mezzanine floor above. But unlike most Dublin pubs,
the place is bright, clean and cheerful.
building is labelled “The Pub” rather than its actual name, FXB.
Downstairs, if you can get one of the few
good tables for eating, they have a simple menu with (to my taste) one
outstanding item: a slow-roast hock of pork covered in very crackly
crackling, served with spring onion mash, apple and raisin compôte and a
bordelaise sauce, for €17.50.
It's absolutely delicious and so big I have never been able to finish it,
and not through want of trying. And if your doctor has told you to do
something about your chronic cholesterol deficiency, the luscious crackling
on the hock will put a smile on
his face as well as your greasy lips.
Upstairs, the mood changes a bit. The
mezzanine is elegant, sophisticated, and has a cantilevered balcony that
looks out over the pub below. The menu is much more comprehensive, and
my three companions and I couldn't resist the steaks, specifically the 16 oz
T-bones at €29.50. We all agreed they were incomparable, cooked to
perfection on what must be a very hot chargrill (three rares and a medium
since you ask), and in size a challenge to any man. We drank too much
beer and wine of course, shared a sinful chocolate roulade replete
with Grand Marnier sauce and fresh cream, and downed several coffees.
I should explain we were in training for an international rugby match next
day (as spectators not players, surprisingly). The service throughout
was attentive and unobtrusive.
Including a ridiculous tip, the bill came to €55 per head, and no-one was
My assessment: 90%. Can't wait for a return engagement.
You'll find FXB Monkstown at 3 The Crescent, Monkstown, Co
Dublin, tel +353-(0)-284.6187. Those arriving by cruise missile can
locate it at Latitude 53°17'38.21"N by Longitude 6° 9'12.21"W.
Back to List of Contents
Issue 170's Letter to
Only one letter again this week, and it again went unpublished.
It was written as a follow up to three posts I have written on the same
Museum and Nazi Looting”
Hunters Hunting Hunts”
Vindicated from Nazi Slurs”
It was, perhaps, a little too pointed for printing.
Unsubstantiated Nazi Charges against the Hunts
- to the Irish Times
Four years ago, Dr Shimon Samuels of the Simon
Wiesenthal Centre, in an act of stunning impertinence to an elected head of
state, demanded that President McAleese withdraw an award she had made to
the Hunt Museum, on trumped-up inferences that the Hunts were, in effect,
closet Nazis and the museum populated with art looted by Nazis from Jews.
Apparently abetted by a trio of Irish persons with seemingly their own
agendas and catalogue of tricks, he was nevertheless unable to present a
single iota of evidence ...
Back to List of Contents
Quotes for Issue 170
“If I convene a meeting of Muslim leaders to try to
bridge the divide between Islam and the West, I do so with the
credibility of someone who lived in a Muslim country for four years
when I was a child.”
It was, perhaps, a little too pointed for printing.
Barak Obama polishes his credentials as a child
of 6-10 years old,
in an Indonesian maddrassah.
Muslim leaders will be highly impressed.
“It is not correct. If I said so, I wasn't correct,
so I can't recall if I did say, but I did not say, or if I did say
it, I didn't mean to say it, that these issues can't be dealt with
until the end of the Mahon tribunal.
“That is not what the Revenue said. What Revenue said, that they
were in the part of the normal process with dealing with these
issues and that in the meantime, under the law and they and both the
Public Offices Commission believe that there, it is a similar in
law, that you do not get a tax clearance cert, that they deal with
the other process while the issue is ongoing, and hopefully these
issues will be cleared up as soon as Revenue can do so.”
Irish Taoiseach (prime
minister) Bertie Ahern
“clarifies” his tax-clearance status.
earlier, he had
“The position taken by the Revenue
is that they can't finalise it until Mahon's work is finished.
I mean, that's fine by me. I have no difficulty with that,
I have no difficulty with the Revenue position.”
This all, to
remind, refers to his time as Finance Minister,
when he was responsible.
for tax and budgetary
for the collection and
distribution of taxes
and for the Revenue
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Archive and Blogroll at top left and right, for your convenience
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to Tallrite Blog
“ill-informed and objectionable”
- Comment by an anonymous reader
Now, for a little [Light Relief]
won by New Zealand
Cuddly Teddy Bears
looking for a home
Click for details
Neda Agha Soltan;
shot dead in Teheran
by Basij militia
Good to report that as at
14th September 2009
he is at least
FREED AT LAST,
ON 18th OCTOBER 2011,
GAUNT BUT OTHERWISE REASONABLY HEALTHY
Atlantic Blog (defunct)
Broom of Anger
Cox and Forkum
Carey / GUBU
Thinking Man's Guide
Victor Davis Hanson
Tales from Warri
Graham's Sporting Wk
My Columns in the
What I've recently
“The Lemon Tree”, by Sandy
is a delightful novel-style history of modern Israel and Palestine told
through the eyes of a thoughtful protagonist from either side, with a
household lemon tree as their unifying theme.
But it's not
entirely honest in its subtle pro-Palestinian bias, and therefore needs
to be read in conjunction with an antidote, such as
This examines events which led to BP's 2010 Macondo blowout in
the Gulf of Mexico.
BP's ambitious CEO John Browne expanded BP through adventurous
acquisitions, aggressive offshore exploration, and relentless
cost-reduction that trumped everything else, even safety and long-term
Thus mistakes accumulated, leading to terrifying and deadly accidents in
refineries, pipelines and offshore operations, and business disaster in
The Macondo blowout was but an inevitable outcome of a BP culture that
had become poisonous and incompetent.
However the book is gravely compromised by a
litany of over 40 technical and stupid
errors that display the author's ignorance and
It would be better
to wait for the second (properly edited) edition before buying.
As for BP, only a
wholesale rebuilding of a new, professional, ethical culture will
prevent further such tragedies and the eventual destruction of a once
mighty corporation with a long and generally honourable history.
Note: I wrote
my own reports on Macondo
A horrific account
how the death
penalty is administered and, er, executed in Singapore,
the corruption of
Singapore's legal system, and
enthusiastic embrace of Burma's drug-fuelled military dictatorship
More details on my
nonagenarian Alistair Urquhart’s
incredible story of survival in the Far
East during World War II.
After recounting a
childhood of convention and simple pleasures in working-class Aberdeen,
Mr Urquhart is conscripted within days of Chamberlain declaring war on
Germany in 1939.
From then until the
Japanese are deservedly nuked into surrendering six years later, Mr
Urquhart’s tale is one of first discomfort but then following the fall
of Singapore of ever-increasing, unmitigated horror.
After a wretched
journey Eastward, he finds himself part of Singapore’s big but useless
Taken prisoner when Singapore falls in
1941, he is, successively,
part of a death march to Thailand,
a slave labourer on the Siam/Burma
railway (one man died for every sleeper laid),
regularly beaten and tortured,
racked by starvation, gaping ulcers
and disease including cholera,
a slave labourer stevedoring at
shipped to Japan in a stinking,
closed, airless hold with 900 other sick and dying men,
torpedoed by the Americans and left
drifting alone for five days before being picked up,
a slave-labourer in Nagasaki until
blessed liberation thanks to the Americans’ “Fat Boy” atomic
distraught and traumatised on return to Aberdeen yet disdained by the
British Army, he slowly reconstructs a life. Only in his late 80s
is he able finally to recount his dreadful experiences in this
There are very few
first-person eye-witness accounts of the the horrors of Japanese
brutality during WW2. As such this book is an invaluable historical
“Culture of Corruption:
Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies”
This is a rattling good tale of the web
of corruption within which the American president and his cronies
operate. It's written by blogger Michele Malkin who, because she's both
a woman and half-Asian, is curiously immune to the charges of racism and
sexism this book would provoke if written by a typical Republican WASP.
With 75 page of notes to back up - in
best blogger tradition - every shocking and in most cases money-grubbing
allegation, she excoriates one Obama crony after another, starting with
the incumbent himself and his equally tricky wife.
Joe Biden, Rahm Emmanuel, Valerie Jarett,
Tim Geithner, Lawrence Summers, Steven Rattner, both Clintons, Chris
Dodd: they all star as crooks in this venomous but credible book.
ACORN, Mr Obama's favourite community
organising outfit, is also exposed for the crooked vote-rigging machine
This much trumpeted sequel to
Freakonomics is a bit of disappointment.
It is really just
a collation of amusing
little tales about surprising human (and occasionally animal) behaviour
and situations. For example:
Drunk walking kills more people per
kilometer than drunk driving.
People aren't really altruistic -
they always expect a return of some sort for good deeds.
Child seats are a waste of money as
they are no safer for children than adult seatbelts.
Though doctors have known for
centuries they must wash their hands to avoid spreading infection,
they still often fail to do so.
Monkeys can be taught to use washers
as cash to buy tit-bits - and even sex.
The book has no real
message other than don't be surprised how humans sometimes behave and
try to look for simple rather than complex solutions.
And with a final
anecdote (monkeys, cash and sex), the book suddenly just stops dead in
its tracks. Weird.
A remarkable, coherent attempt by Financial Times economist Alan Beattie
to understand and explain world history through the prism of economics.
It's chapters are
organised around provocative questions such as
Why does asparagus come from Peru?
Why are pandas so useless?
Why are oil and diamonds more trouble
than they are worth?
Why doesn't Africa grow cocaine?
It's central thesis
is that economic development continues to be impeded in different
countries for different historical reasons, even when the original
rationale for those impediments no longer obtains. For instance:
Argentina protects its now largely
foreign landowners (eg George Soros)
Russia its military-owned
businesses, such as counterfeit DVDs
The US its cotton industry
comprising only 1% of GDP and 2% of its workforce
The author writes
in a very chatty, light-hearted matter which makes the book easy to
However it would
benefit from a few charts to illustrate some of the many quantitative
points put forward, as well as sub-chaptering every few pages to provide
natural break-points for the reader.
This is a thrilling book of derring-do behind enemy lines in the jungles
of north-east Burma in 1942-44 during the Japanese occupation.
The author was
a member of Britain's V Force, a forerunner of the SAS. Its remit was to
harass Japanese lines of
command, patrol their occupied territory, carryout sabotage and provide
intelligence, with the overall objective of keeping the enemy out of
is admirably yet brutally frank, in his
descriptions of deathly battles with the Japs, his execution of a
prisoner, dodging falling bags of rice dropped by the RAF, or collapsing
in floods of tears through accumulated stress, fear and loneliness.
He also provides some fascinating insights into the mentality of
Japanese soldiery and why it failed against the flexibility and devolved
authority of the British.
The book amounts to
a very human and exhilarating tale.
Oh, and Irwin
describes the death in 1943 of his colleague my uncle, Major PF
Won by New Zealand
Won by New Zealand
Click for an account of this momentous,
of March 2009
Won by Wales
Click on the logo
to get a table with
the Rugby World Cup
scores, points and rankings.
crackling, compelling, captivating games, the new World Champions are,
England get the Silver,
Argentina the Bronze. Fourth is host nation France.
No-one can argue with
the justice of the outcomes
Over the competition,
points per game = 52,
tries per game = 6.2,
minutes per try =
Click on the logo
to get a table with
the final World Cup
scores, points, rankings and goal-statistics